Mobutu Sese Seko of Zaire in 1997. [31], When Moise Katumbi, the former governor of Katanga Province in the Democratic Republic of Congo and now an opposition figure, announced that he is running for president in an election that was supposed to be held by the end of 2016, his house was surrounded by security forces wanting to arrest him. The irregularities surrounding the elections results prompted a run-off vote between Kabila and Bemba which was held on 29 October. Though Kabila made strides toward peace, his actions were not without opposition. Dezember 2006 als neuer Staatspräsident vereidigt. [22] Official observers from the Carter Center reported that returns from almost 2,000 polling stations in areas where support for Tshisekedi was strong had been lost and not included in the official results. [10] As chief of staff, he was one of the main military leaders in charge of government troops during the time of the Second Congo War (1998–2003). Kabila's second term as president of the Democratic Republic of Congo was due to end on 20 December 2016. [4] Seine politische Basis hatte er vor allem im Osten des Landes. Joseph Kabila became the commander of an AFDL unit that included "kadogos" (child soldiers) and likely played a key role in major battles on the road to Kinshasa, but his exact whereabouts during the war have been difficult to establish. Kabila befehligt die Garde Spéciale de Sécurité Présidentielle (GSSP, Präsidentengarde), bestehend aus 15.000 Elitesoldaten. Félix Tshisekedi, Garde Spéciale de Sécurité Présidentielle, Präsidentschaftswahl am 30. He took office ten days after the assassination of his father, President Laurent-Désiré Kabila. [32], Although Kabila's forces have scored an important victory against one large rebel group, the M23, in 2013, many other armed groups have splintered into dangerous movements. [6] Bei der Wahl am 30. Officials suggested that elections would be held in November 2016, but on 29 September 2016, the nation's electoral authority announced that the election would not be held until early 2018. He was later, in 2000, appointed Chief of Staff of the Land Forces, a position he held until the elder President Kabila's assassination in January 2001. Die Familie Kabila – so Joseph Kabilas Zwillingsschwester Jeanette (Jaynet) und seine Mutter – finanziert sich durch das „lukrative Geschäft mit staatlichen Bergbaukonzessionen“. Januar 2001[2] übernahm Joseph Kabila am 26. [23] On 20 December, Kabila was sworn in for a second term, promising to invest in infrastructure and public services. In einem am 13. Am 24. [42], On December 30, 2018 the presidential election to determine the successor to Kabila was held. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Angola is the southernmost country in Africa. Kabila ließ verlautbaren, dass er gleichwohl weiterhin im Amt bleiben wolle. Nach der Ermordung Laurent Kabilas am 16. Rumors have abounded that Kabila was actually born in Tanzania, which would make him a citizen of that country. Kabila verpflichtete sich zu Demokratie, Transparenz und Rechtsstaatlichkeit und wurde von den USA und der EU favorisiert. Er besuchte Grund- und weiterführende Schulen in Fizi, zu dessen Territorium Hewa Bora gehört, sowie in Dar-es-Salaam und Mbeya in Tansania. He held talks with rebel groups, and the governments of five countries—Rwanda, Uganda, Zimbabwe, Angola, and Namibia—that had troops in Congo agreed to begin their withdrawal. He subsequently attempted to end the ongoing civil war by negotiating peace agreements with rebel groups backed by Rwanda and Uganda, the same regional armies who had brought Laurent-Désiré Kabila's rebel group to power three years before. [25], On 17 January 2015, Congo's parliament passed an electoral law requiring a census before the next elections. [35], More demonstrations were planned to mark the passing of the end of the presidential mandate. On ne sait pas toujours qui est derrière la main de Rachidi, l'assassin du président Kabila. [7] He is the son of long time rebel, former AFDL leader and president of the Congo Laurent-Désiré Kabila and Sifa Mahanya. Joseph Kabila studierte 1998 an der Nationalen Verteidigungshochschule in Peking und wurde anschließend Generalmajor und Mitglied des Generalstabs der Armee. Upon his return, he became head of the country’s armed forces, with the rank of major general. Oktober 2006 eine Stichwahl zwischen ihm und Bemba stattfand. He was pressured by the international community and opposition groups to promote reform in the areas of human rights and democracy. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Bei der Präsidentschaftswahl am 30. However, Tshisekedi maintained that the result of the election was illegitimate and said that he intended also to "swear himself in" as president. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 16. [5] In August 2018, Kabila announced that he would step down and not seek reelection in the December 2018 general election.[6]. Little was known about Kabila, and the first assessment was that his father’s advisers had chosen him as a figurehead. Get kids back-to-school ready with Expedition: Learn! Joseph Kabila, (born June 4, 1971, Sud-Kivu province, Democratic Republic of the Congo), army official and politician who was president of the Democratic Republic of the Congo from 2001 until 2019. Doch wie viele andere distanzierte sich Katumbi im Jahr 2015 öffentlich von Kabila. When he returned from China, Kabila was awarded the rank of major-general, and appointed Deputy Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, in 1998. [24], In January 2012, Catholic bishops in DR Congo also condemned the elections, complaining of "treachery, lies and terror", and calling on the election commission to correct "serious errors". UN peacekeepers arrived at the end of March to monitor the cease-fire and the pullback of troops. However, many Congolese were disgruntled over Kabila’s failure to keep all of his 2006 election campaign promises, and Tshisekedi was a popular opposition figure with considerable support. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. [39] Kabila subsequently installed a new cabinet led by prime minister Samy Badibanga, resulting in protests in which at least 40 people were killed. Joseph Kabila Kabange (/kæˈbiːlə/ kab-EE-lə, French: [ʒɔzɛf kabila]; born 4 June 1971) is a Congolese politician who served as President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo between January 2001 and January 2019. He fought as part of the rebel forces that helped his father depose Pres. [7], Following high school, Kabila followed a military curriculum in Tanzania, then at Makerere University in Uganda. Kabila begleitete seinen Vater, den späteren Rebellenführer Laurent Kabila, im Alter von fünf Jahren nach Tansania ins Exil. [21], In December 2011, Kabila was re-elected for a second term as president. Harsh demonstrations erupted on 20 April 2016 in Lubumbashi, one of Congo's biggest cities. [36] Opposition groups claim that the outcome of late elections would be civil war. Als Folge seiner langjährigen Aufenthalte in englischsprachigen Ländern spricht Kabila heute besser Englisch und Kisuaheli als Französisch und das kongolesische Lingála, die im Westen des Landes und damit auch in der Hauptstadt verbreitete Landessprache. The climate leading up to the election was tense and punctuated with violence, because of tensions between the parties, as well as legitimate concerns that logistical challenges would interfere with voting in remote parts of the country. Kabila attended a primary school organized by his father's rebel forces, before moving to Tanzania where he completed primary and secondary school. Es tauchen jedoch immer wieder Zweifel und Berichte auf, nach denen Kabila nicht leiblicher Sohn Laurents, sondern Sohn eines anderen Vaters oder gänzlich anderer Eltern sei, der von Kabila adoptiert wurde. Nach einem siebenmonatigen Kampf von Kabilas Truppen, die sich von Osten in Richtung Kinshasa bewegten, konnte sein Vater die 32-jährige Diktatur Mobutus am 17. [17] On 15 November, the electoral commission announced the official results and Kabila was declared the winner, with 58.05% of the vote. Depuis le 16 janvier 2001, c'est une énigme. [5] Doch weder Kabila noch der Gegenkandidat Jean-Pierre Bemba, verschwägert mit der Familie Mobutu, hielten sich mit politischen Programmen auf. [19] He named Antoine Gizenga, who placed third in the first round of the presidential election (and then backed Kabila in the second round) as prime minister on 30 December. When the results were announced a week and a half later, Félix Tshisekedi—son of Étienne Tshisekedi, who had died in 2017—was declared the winner, followed closely by Martin Fayulu, another opposition candidate; Shadary came in third. In March 2006, he registered as a candidate. [7] In October 1996, Laurent-Désiré Kabila launched the campaign in Zaire to oust the Mobutu regime with his newly formed army, the Alliance of Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Congo-Zaire (AFDL). Mai 1997 mit der Einnahme Kinshasas beenden. Kabila wurde nach offiziellen Angaben als Sohn von Laurent Kabila und dessen Frau Mahanya Sifa Kabila als zweites von neun Kindern im Rebellenhauptquartier Hewa Bora II geboren und stammt aus der Bantu-Volksgruppe der Luba. [28][29], Jaynet Kabila, the sister of Kabila, was named in the Panama Papers. Fayulu and others accused Tshisekedi and Kabila of having made a deal to secure the former’s election victory in exchange for protecting the interests of the latter and his associates; representatives of both men denied the accusations. 1996 schloss er sich den Truppen seines Vaters an und war Befehlshaber im Ersten Kongokrieg. Dezember 2018 favorisierte Kabila seinen Parteifreund Emmanuel Ramazani Shadary, der die Wahl jedoch verlor. The wedding ceremonies took place on 17 June 2006. [2] Since stepping down after the 2018 election, Kabila, as a former president, will be a senator for life, according to the Constitution of the DRC. Im Jahr 2000 wurde er Armee-Stabschef. Against the backdrop of security concerns and a mysterious fire that destroyed a considerable amount of voting materials only 10 days before the polls, on December 20 the electoral commission announced that the presidential election—along with legislative, provincial, and local elections also scheduled for December 23—would be postponed until December 30. [11] Aged 29, he was considered young and inexperienced. Joseph Kabila Kabange is a Congolese politician who served as President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo between January 2001 and January 2019. Fayulu challenged the results at the Constitutional Court, but the court upheld Tshisekedi’s victory. Kabila wurde nach offiziellen Angaben als Sohn von Laurent Kabila und dessen Frau Mahanya Sifa Kabila als zweites von neun Kindern im Rebellenhauptquartier Hewa Bora II geboren und stammt aus der Bantu-Volksgruppe der Luba. Joseph Kabila Kabange (* 4. On 19 January protests led by students at the University of Kinshasa broke out. Im Dezember 2002 wurde ein Friedensabkommen zwischen den Rebellen und der Regierung geschlossen, worauf dann im Juli unter seiner Leitung eine Allparteienregierung gebildet wurde. Joseph Kabila, (born June 4, 1971, Sud-Kivu province, Democratic Republic of the Congo), army official and politician who was president of the Democratic Republic of the Congo from 2001 … In a meeting in Zambia in February 2001, Kabila agreed to begin the implementation of a cease-fire agreement that had been signed in July 1999 but had not been honoured. He took office ten days[1] after the assassination of his father, President Laurent-Désiré Kabila. Kabila’s reelection bid was bolstered by his well-organized political campaign as well as a January 2011 constitutional amendment that eliminated the second round of voting in the presidential race, therefore allowing a candidate to win without necessarily having a majority of the vote. Die sozialdemokratische Oppositionspartei UDPS von Etienne Tshisekedi, eine der Parteien mit den größten Chancen und einem politischen Programm, warf Kabila zudem vor, eigene Parteien unter dem Namen der UDPS bei der Wahl angemeldet zu haben, um die Teilnahme der UDPS an der Wahl zu verhindern, und boykottierte daraufhin die Wahl. "d'ou vient Joseph KABILA" par Pierre victor MPOYO Une réalisation de Christian MBAMU, la Coordination de Ilunga MWANA BUTE In December 2005, a partial referendum approved a new constitution, and a presidential election was held on 30 July 2006, having been delayed from an earlier date in June. A presidential election was eventually scheduled for December 23, 2018. Er ließ Friedenstruppen der Vereinten Nationen, MONUC, in das Land, die die Fronten zwischen Rebellen, einheimischen Truppen und ausländischen Truppen überwachen sollten. Er bemühte sich, dem vom Bürgerkrieg zerrütteten Land ein wenig Stabilität zu verleihen, indem er die Präsenz ausländischer Truppen, vor allem aus Ruanda und Uganda, verringerte. He pointed out that 300 soldiers had been convicted of sex crimes, although he added that this was not enough. Januar 2019 Präsident der Demokratischen Republik Kongo. The protests began following the announcement of a proposed law that would allow Kabila to remain in power until a national census could be conducted (elections had been planned for 2016). According to official accounts, the twins were born at Hewabora, a small village in the Fizi territory of the South Kivu province, in eastern Congo. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. [41], In late February 2018 the ministry of international affairs of Botswana told Kabila that it was time to go and said the "worsening humanitarian situation" in DRC is compounded by the fact that "its leader has persistently delayed holding elections, and has lost control over the security of his country". Kabila endorsed Emmanuel Ramazani Shadary, his former interior minister. He was raised in relative remoteness, with few records of his early days. In his new term, Kabila faced several challenges, including postelection disputes that persisted into the next year and ongoing violence throughout parts of the country from numerous militias fighting each other as well as attacking Congolese troops and civilians. Following the AFDL's victory, and Laurent-Désiré Kabila's rise to the presidency, Joseph Kabila went on to get further training at the PLA National Defense University, in Beijing, China. [18] These results were confirmed by the Supreme Court on 27 November 2006, and Kabila was inaugurated on 6 December 2006 as the country's newly elected President. Januar 2001 das Amt des Präsidenten. President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, 2016 delayed election and extension of presidency, People's Party for Reconstruction and Democracy, People's Liberation Army National Defense University, Armed Forces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, campaign in Zaire to oust the Mobutu regime, Alliance of Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Congo-Zaire, protests led by students at the University of Kinshasa broke out, Constitution of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Constitution of the Democratic Republic of Congo, CIA World Leaders, Democratic Republic of the Congo, DR Congo Celebrates New President, Keeps Sharp Eye on Ex, Congo ex-leader Kabila's coalition wins decisive senate majority, "Joseph Kabila says he will not run again in Congo", "A Fallen City, Seeking Peace, Greets Rebels", "Bref Apercu Biographique du Président de la République", "Presidency of Democratic Republic of Congo", "Congo National Troops Thwart Coup Attempt", "Elections to be held on 30 July, polls body says", "Frontrunners need alliances for 2nd round of presidential polls", "Joseph Kabila sworn in as Congo's elected president", "Congo names opposition veteran, 81, prime minister", "Congo president on military rapes: 'Unforgivable, "DR Congo election: Questions hang over Kabila's victory", "Carter Center: DRC Presidential Election Results Lack Credibility (press release)", "DR Congo President Joseph Kabila begins second term", "Catholic bishops condemn DR Congo presidential poll", "UPDATE 2-Congo protests enter third day, rights group says 42 dead", "DR Congo unrest: Catholic church backs protests", "An old ally of Joseph Kabila leaves the ruling party", "Africa loses more money to illicit financial flows than it receives in foreign aid", "In Congo, Wars Are Small and Chaos Is Endless", "Home of Congo Presidential Challenger Is Surrounded by Police", "DR Congo election: 17 dead in anti-Kabila protests", "Congo Election Body Proposes Two-Year Wait for Presidential Vote", "US imposes sanctions on top DRC officials after election delaey", "Clashes in Kinshasa leave 50 dead, say DRC opposition groups", "Democratic Republic of the Congo 'faces civil war' if president fails to quit", "UN News - Political polarization in DR Congo may spark 'large-scale violence,' UN envoy warns Security Council", "DRC: President Joseph Kabila to stay on, says government", "Kabila refuses to step down amid unrest", "Opposition says Congo politicians agree Kabila transition deal", "Botswana has urged the president of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Joseph Kabila, to step down", "Emmanuel Ramazani Shadary: Kabila's choice for DR Congo president", "Surprise Winner Of Congolese Election Is An Opposition Leader", "Solennel mariage religieux du président Joseph Kabil", Official website of the President of the DRC, Democratic Republic of the Congo – Permanent Mission to the United Nations, DR Congo presidential candidates face off in second round, Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces of the DRC, 2011 Democratic Republic of the Congo presidential election, 2006 Democratic Republic of the Congo presidential election,, Democratic Republic of the Congo Anglicans, People's Party for Reconstruction and Democracy politicians, Presidents of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Twin people from the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected biographies of living people, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 May 2020, at 14:55. After years of speculation about Kabila’s intentions, it was confirmed in August 2018 that he would not be standing in the election and would instead support the candidacy of Emmanuel Ramazani Shadary. Joseph Kabila disposera d’un statut de sénateur à vie et s’est aménagé un poste de président à la tête de son parti. These actions were seen as a warning to President Kabila to respect his country's constitution. [39] A statement issued by his spokesperson on 19 December 2016, stated that Joseph Kabila would remain in post until a new president is in place following elections which will not be held until at least April 2018. While in power, Joseph Kabila faced continuous wars in eastern Congo and internal rebel forces supported by the neighboring governments of Uganda and Rwanda. His strongest challenger was former prime minister Étienne Tshisekedi. Less than a week after being sworn in, Kabila made his first trip abroad as president. In December 2002 he signed an agreement with rebels to end the war and to form a power-sharing transitional government. Shortly after Laurent was assassinated, Joseph was inaugurated as the country’s president on January 26, 2001. Trotz eines Demonstrationsverbotes kam es zu Protesten in verschiedenen Teilen des Landes. Due to his father's status as an enemy of Zairean strongman Mobutu Sese Seko, Kabila posed as a Tanzanian in his school years to avoid detection by Zairean intelligence agents. [1] Anschließend begann er eine militärische Laufbahn in Tansania und wurde auch in Uganda und Ruanda militärisch ausgebildet. Juli 2006 erhielt Kabila die meisten Stimmen, aber nicht die absolute Mehrheit, weswegen am 29.